Thomas F. Torrance, "Justification: Its Radical Nature and Place in Reformed Doctrine and Life," Scottish Journal of Theology 13 (1960): 225-246; #1960-164
Torrance, Thomas F. "Justification: Its Radical Nature and Place in Reformed Doctrine and Life." Scottish Journal of Theology 13, no. 3 (1960): 225-246; #1960-164
Presidential address delivered to the Scottish Church Theology Society, January 18, 1960.
Originally published in the Scottish Journal of Theology (#1960-164). Reprinted in Christianity Divided (#1962-TFT-1); translated into French (#1963-TFT-2). Reprinted as ch. 9 in Theology in Reconstruction (#1965-223j).
In his debate with the Jesuit, James Tyrie, John Knox claimed that the controversy of the Reformers with the Roman Church was the same as that of St. Paul with the Judaisers of Galatia, in which the Gospel of Grace was at stake, ‘for it concerneth the chief head of justification’, as Knox expressed it. On the other hand, when we examine the writings of Knox we do not find that ‘justification’, as a term at any rate, plays a prominent part, while the expression ‘justification by faith’ is hardly ever found—for when he did speak of justification he preferred to be more concrete and to use an expression like ‘justification through the blood of Christ’.