Realism and Openness in Scientific Inquiry


Thomas F. Torrance, "Realism and Openness in Scientific Inquiry," Zygon 23 (1988): 159-169; #1988-504


Torrance, Thomas F. "Realism and Openness in Scientific Inquiry." Zygon 23, no. 2 (1988): 159-169; #1988-504

Publication life cycle / General notes

From Zygon, 23, no. 2 (1988); #1988-504.

Published in La Mystique: Actes du Colloque tenu à Kolymbari, Crète, du 12 au 18 Septembre 1985 (Paris, 1988); #1988-503.

Translated into Italian in Senso Del Divino e Scienza Moderna (#1992-544a).


Intrinsic to rigorous knowledge of God is the recognition that positive theological concepts and statements about God arising under the compelling claims of God's reality upon the human mind must have an open revisable structure. A similar combination of critical realism and ontological openness is apparent in the profound change that has taken place in the rational structure of rigorous science from the radical dualism and closed causal system of classical mechanics to the unifying world view and open dynamic field-theories of modern physics. It is argued that the intersection of theological and natural science in their epistemological foundations can enhance their ontological commitment and heuristic thrust.