James Salem Ritchey, Jr., "Incarnation, Repentance, and the Central Aspect of the Atonement: A Critical Evaluation of the Development of Fallen Humanity Christology in Scotland," The Westminster Theological Journal 82, no. 1 (2020): 121-136
Ritchey, James Salem, Jr. "Incarnation, Repentance, and the Central Aspect of the Atonement: A Critical Evaluation of the Development of Fallen Humanity Christology in Scotland." The Westminster Theological Journal 82, no. 1 (2020): 121-136
This article seeks to examine the development of fallen humanity Christology (the teaching that Christ’s human nature was sinful) in Scotland, specifically interacting with the writings of Edward Irving, John McLeod Campbell, Hugh Ross Mackintosh, and Thomas Forsyth Torrance. This study of their teachings also includes other related and aberrant doctrines that sprang forth from this theological concept. After examining their teachings, a critique is offered from the vantage point of Scripture and confessional Reformed theology. The writings of other Scottish theologians who have maintained that the humanity of Christ is unfallen and perfect are also utilized in order to draw a contrast and further the point that fallen humanity Christology should be rejected.
- Irving, Edward , 1792-1834
- Campbell, John McLeod , 1800-1872
- Mackintosh, Hugh Ross , 1870-1936
- Torrance, Thomas F (Thomas Forsyth) , 1913-2007